Superior Court >Civil Department >Glossary Of Common Terms

Glossary of Common Terms
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Neglect/Neglectedt The inability or unwillingness of a parent, guardian or custodian of a child to provide that child with supervision, food, clothing, shelter or medical care if that inability or unwillingness causes substantial risk of harm to the child's health or welfare, except if the inability of a parent or guardian to provide services to meet the needs of a child with a disability or chronic illness is solely the result of the unavailability of reasonable services. Net Income Dispoable earnings. Next Best Friend A person acting in a legal proceeding for the benefit of an infant or other person without being formally appointed as guardian. No Bill The opinion of the grand jury that evidence was insufficient to warrant the return of a formal charge. "No Bond" Status A defendant's status of ineligibility for pretrial release. This occurs in capital crimes and crimes where proof is evident and presumption great and in a case where there has been a previous failure to appear or a violation of probation or when a defendant commits a new crime while on release and proof is evident and presumption great. No Contest Plea/Nolo Contendere A plea whereby a defendant does not admit guilt but agrees not to contest the State's charges against him/her. A no contest plea is treated the same as a guilty plea for sentencing. Nolo Contendere See "No Contest Plea/Nolo Contendre". Non-Classified Civil A category of civil cases for those types of cases that do not fit in the other specific categories; examples: quiet title actions, name changes. Nonresident Decedent A decedent who was domiciled in another jurisdiction at the time of the decedent's death. Not Guilty Plea A plea whereby a defendant denies guilt and the State must prove the criminal charges against him/her. The State is represented by the city or county prosecutor's office. Notice A notation to the court that an action has taken place or that a document has been filed. Notice of Appointment of Arbitrator A notice sent by court administration to the parties that an arbitrator has been appointed. Notice of Change of Judge A document that proclaims the right of each side in any action pending in court, except Arizona Tax Court, to a change of one judge and one court commissioner. See Rule 42(f)(1)(A), Arizona Rules of Civil Procedure and Rule 10.2, Rules of Criminal Procedure. The notice must be timely and filed and served by a party who has not waived the right. Notice of Change of Judge/Commissioner for Cause A document that proclaims a party's right to ask for a change in judicial officer due to an implied or perceived improper action committed by the judicial officer. These are handled by the departmental presiding judge. Notice of Dismissal A document filed by a plaintiff advising a defendant that a suit is being dropped. Nunc Pro Tunc ("Now for then") Used in minute entries to give retroactive effect to acts as though they had been done previously. Usually used to correct an oversight or error. return to top
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