Superior Court >Civil Department >Glossary Of Common Terms

Glossary of Common Terms
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JIPS (Juvenile Intensive Probation Supervision) A highly structured, community-based juvenile probation program emphasizing surveillance, treatment, work, education and home detention. JOLTS (Juvenile On Line Tracking System) A statewide juvenile probation and dependency management system. Joint Tenants with the Right of Survivorship and Community Property with the Right of Survivorship Owners of property held under circumstances that entitle one or more to the whole of the property on the death of the other(s) but excludes forms of co-ownership registration in which the underlying ownership of each party is in proportion to that party's contribution. Judge The public officer authorized to preside over, hear and determine cases in a court of law. Judge Pro Tempore An individual assigned to perform the duties of a judge on a temporary basis. Judgment A decision by a court that establishes the rights of the parties in an action or proceeding; the formal decision of a court; the final determination of a case. Judgment Assigned The permanent assignment of a case to a calendar division. Judgment Creditor A person who has won a case but not yet collected the debt. Judgment Debtor A person who has lost a case but not yet paid the debt; one who owes money as a result of a judgment in favor of a creditor. Judicial Officer One of the following:
  • Judge: The public officer authorized to preside over, hear and determine cases in a court of law.
  • Commissioner: A full time judicial officer appointed by the presiding judge and authorized to perform limited judicial functions.
  • Justice of the Peace: A person elected to serve as a judge in a precinct within a county. A justice of the peace is not required to be an attorney.
  • Municipal Court Judge: A person appointed to serve as a judge in a city court or municipality. Qualifications are set by the municipality, not necessarily required to be an attorney.
  • Referee: A type of master appointed by a court to assist with certain proceedings.
  • Special Master: A person appointed by the court to help parents resolve disputes about what is best for a child.
  • Magistrate: Often used to refer to a municipal court judge. A.R.S. ยง 1-215 provides a broad definition that includes all those judicial officers having the power to issue a warrant for arrest, i.e., a supreme court justice, superior court judges, justice of the peace courts and municipal courts.
  • Judge Pro Tempore: An individual assigned to perform the duties of a judge on a temporary basis.
Jurisdiction The court's ability to make decisions in a case by virtue of the parties' residence within the court's jurisdictional boundaries, or the domestication of a judgment from another jurisdiction for the sole purpose of allowing this county to rule in the case; the power of a court to render judgment and decide a case. Jurisprudence The science or philosophy of law. Jury (criminal law) A group of citizens called to hear a trial of criminal prosecution and determine the defendant's guilt or innocence based on evidence presented. (civil law) A group of citizens called to hear the details of a civil lawsuit, to find for the plaintiff or defendant and to determine the amount, if any, to be awarded. Justice of the Peace A person elected to serve as a judge in a precinct within a county. A justice of the peace is not required to be an attorney. Justice of the Peace Court (Limited Jurisdiction) A limited jurisdiction court with a justice of the peace serving as its judicial officer. Juvenile Court The juvenile division of the superior court when exercising its jurisdiction over children in any proceeding relating to delinquency, dependency or incorrigibility. Juvenile Intensive Probation Supervision (JIPS) A highly structured, community-based juvenile probation program emphasizing surveillance, treatment, work, education and home detention. Juvenile On Line Tracking System (JOLTS) A statewide juvenile probation and dependency management system. return to top
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