Superior Court >Civil Department >Glossary Of Common Terms

Glossary of Common Terms
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Emancipation A condition whereby a minor child is legally treated as an adult. Emergency AssignmentThe permanent assignment of a judge to hear a civil case; done only if there is need of an immediate emergency order by a judge. Eminent Domain The power to take private property for public use by the state and municipalities. See also "Condemnation Action". Employer As it relates to Family Support, includes all persons or agencies obligated to make periodic payments to an obligee on behalf of an obligor. Entitlements Monies due to an obligee. Estate Includes the property of the decedent, trust or other person whose affairs are subject to this title as originally constituted and as it exists from time to time during administration. As it relates to a spouse, includes only the separate property and the share of the community property belonging to the decedent or person whose affairs are subject to this title. Estoppel A rule of law precluding a person from asserting certain facts because of his/her prior conduct. Evidence Proof presented in court through exhibits, records, objects, written documents or a witness's testimony to persuade the judge or jury as to an alleged fact or position. Evidentiary Hearing The presentation of facts and evidence to the court to decide an issue. Exemplify To make an official copy of a legal document. Exempt Property That property of a decedent's estate described in state statutes that is determined to be exempt from encumbrances. Exhibit A document or material produced and identified in court for the purpose of introducing it in evidence. Each document or produced material is numerically or alphabetically marked by the Clerk of the Court's deputy courtroom clerk in order to identify it for the record. Exoneration of Bond An exoneration of bond is a court order requiring the entity holding the bond in trust to deliver it (cash or another form of security) to a specific party, most often the party that posted it. Ex Parte Communication with the court by one party without the presence or knowledge of the other party. Ex Parte Order An order entered by the court at the request of only one party without notice to the other party. Expungement Although this proceeding is not available in Arizona, it is the process by which the record of a criminal conviction is destroyed or sealed. See "Set Aside". Extradition The surrender by one state to another of a person accused or convicted of an offense outside its own territory and within the territorial jurisdiction of the other state. return to top
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