MagistrateOften used to refer to a Municipal Court Judge, but A.R.S. § 1-215 provides a
broad definition that includes all those judicial officers having power to issue a warrant for arrest, i.e.
a Supreme Court justice, Superior Court Judges, justice of the peace courts, and municipal courts. MandamusA writ issued by a court to some official commanding him to perform some
official duty.MandateA judicial command or precept from a court or judicial officer directing the
proper officer to enforce a judgment, sentence, or decree.Minute EntryUsually a one or two page summary about what happened during a court proceeding.
It includes everyone who appeared in court, names of witnesses who testified, what kind of proceeding took
place, when the next court date is, and any orders the court issued. In Maricopa County, the courtroom
clerk generates the minute entry.MisdemeanorA classification for offenses which are less serious than felonies; a
misdemeanor is punishable by a fine or incarceration in the county jail.Mis-TrialA trial ends when a rule of criminal procedure was violated or if the jury can
not reach a unanimous decision.Mitigating CircumstancesCircumstances which may mitigate a sentence the court must consider, such as,
the age of the defendant, the defendant's capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the crime, unusual
dress, the degree of the defendant's participation, any prior convictions, etc.MotionA written or oral request by the prosecutor or defense attorney for the Judge to
take a specific action, rule, or order.Motion in LimineA pretrial motion where a party requests a ruling from the court that prohibits
the opposing party from raising a particular, highly prejudicial issue at trial. A request for a protective
order against pre-judicial questions and/or statements during trial.