Adult Probation >Victim Services >Victims Rights Glossary

Victims Rights Glossary
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Magistrate Often used to refer to a Municipal Court Judge, but A.R.S. 1-215 provides a broad definition that includes all those judicial officers having power to issue a warrant for arrest, i.e. a Supreme Court justice, Superior Court Judges, justice of the peace courts, and municipal courts. Mandamus A writ issued by a court to some official commanding him to perform some official duty. Mandate A judicial command or precept from a court or judicial officer directing the proper officer to enforce a judgment, sentence, or decree. Minute Entry Usually a one or two page summary about what happened during a court proceeding. It includes everyone who appeared in court, names of witnesses who testified, what kind of proceeding took place, when the next court date is, and any orders the court issued. In Maricopa County, the courtroom clerk generates the minute entry. Misdemeanor A classification for offenses which are less serious than felonies; a misdemeanor is punishable by a fine or incarceration in the county jail. Mis-Trial A trial ends when a rule of criminal procedure was violated or if the jury can not reach a unanimous decision. Mitigating Circumstances Circumstances which may mitigate a sentence the court must consider, such as, the age of the defendant, the defendant's capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the crime, unusual dress, the degree of the defendant's participation, any prior convictions, etc. Motion A written or oral request by the prosecutor or defense attorney for the Judge to take a specific action, rule, or order. Motion in Limine A pretrial motion where a party requests a ruling from the court that prohibits the opposing party from raising a particular, highly prejudicial issue at trial. A request for a protective order against pre-judicial questions and/or statements during trial.

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